a. The degrees of freedom used in this exercise were six.
c. The calculated chi-square value value was 40.06
d. The results indicate that is was not chance alone that caused the unequal numbers of capture wooly worms phenotypes because the number was high making it significant.
e. The green worms, like Olive Garden and Shrek, were subjected to a positive selection pressure because its color makes it easy for them to blend in with the grass. The bright red worms, the eyelash species, were subjected to a negative selection pressure because its bright color makes it easier for its predators to find it.
f. These results indicate that the wooly worm population could decline. The green colored worms have a greater chance of surviving.
g. Characteristics such as theses might determine selection of certain worm colors because the brighter the color of the worm, the more likely that worm is to be found my birds. The brighter colored worms are easier to see making them an easier target.
h. If this particular environment remained unchanged over a very long period of time, the green worms would havea higher population than the red worms or multi colored worms because the green worms are much harder to see than the other colored worms.
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